A standard is a description of the process of accomplising a task that one or more organizations have worked on and have has agreed to comply with and which has been ratified by a recognized standardization organization such as the IEEE, IETF, ANSI, ITU or ISO.

Standardization is the term used when a process is brought under consideraation and it is turned into a standard.

Open Standards
Open Standards are agreed-upon standards can be freely used by anyone without the requirement to pay royalties or fees to a patent or copyright owner. No person or organization controls who may use the standard and no licensing of the use of the standard is required. The Internet was built using protocols that conform to Open Standards.
De facto Standards
de facto standards are any standard that has arisen from widespread usage. Most de facto standards were never considered or ratified by standardization bodies.



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